We have long been informed that chocolate is bad for us. However, the darker the bar, the more health-promoting it may be.
Humans have consumed some sort of chocolate for hundreds of years. For the most of this time, it was in the form of liquid cacao derived from cacao beans.
.Some civilizations, but not all, have since introduced sugar, milk, and shiny packaging. Meanwhile, those who continue to consume cacao in traditional ways have sparked a controversy about whether chocolate is beneficial to our health.
According to Marji McCullough, senior scientific director of epidemiology research at the American Cancer Society, the Kuna Indians, who live on Panama's San Blas Islands, have low blood pressure that does not rise with age, as well as low rates of heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, and cancer, and they live to be old.
And, despite scientific consensus that excessive salt can raise blood pressure, their diet contains the same amount of salt as the average American.
McCullough paid a visit to the Kuna Indians to learn more about their daily diet. She observed that they consumed approximately four cups of cocoa - cacao mixed with water and a small amount of sugar - each day.
However, McCullough cannot definitively ascribe the Kuna Indians' good health to cocoa consumption, especially given that they consumed twice as much fruit and four times as much fish as the average US diet.
Many previous observational studies have looked into the heart advantages of dark chocolate, but they may be biassed since people who consume chocolate more regularly are less concerned about their weight, according to JoAnn Manson, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.
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